Diving at Havre Des PasDiving
There were two springboards at 1 metre and 3 metres and four diving stages at 3, 5, 7 and
10 metres all contained within an iron framework.
This required constant maintenance as, twice a day, the sea covers the pool and, during
very high tides, can reach up beyond the 5 metre board. At one point during the 1930s,
there was an even higher 45 foot board! However, the 'diving pit' was dug out of the
rocks and only 15' deep. It proved too small a target from that height and the highest
board was eventually removed.
Two local girls achieved international success.
In 1933, Dot Macready won the Empire Games Highboard Gold medal at the newly opened pool in Wembley.
In 1936 Jean Gilbert won the English Highboard Championship and finished 7th in the Olympic Games in Berlin.
Even in the 1960s internationally famous divers took part in competitions at Havre des Pas and I remember Dot and Jean acting as judges.
The Rules of Diving and the Scoring System
Diving is classified as an art as well as a sport. Beauty and grace must be added to feats of strength and agility while the body is moving through the air.
A dive is not judged on the entry alone. All phases involved in the performance are considered: the approach; the take-off; the technique and grace during flight; and entry into the water. The judges are concerned only with how well the competitor executes each particular dive. A Degree of Difficulty (D.D.) is assigned to each dive - this rewards the competitor for attempting the more difficult dive.
Each diver in turn according to the draw, stands on the board, listens to the announcement of the dive as per his submitted dive list and performs his dive on the signal by the Referee. If the dive is announced erroneously, the diver or his representative should have it rectified at once. Dives must be performed as per the Dive List signed by the competitor.
Starting Position On Board - Body straight, head erect, arms straight and to the sides, or above the head. Once a diver moves his arms from a backward take-off position or starts the run in a forward take-off position, he must continue or a balk can be called by the referee. One balk is allowed, resulting in a penalty of two points which is deducted from each judge's score by the scorers, as instructed by the referee. Should a diver lose his balance or his feet touch the platform in an arm stand dive, the same rule applies. A second balk results in a failed dive.
The Run - This is actually a walk and includes the hurdle. The run should be smooth, straight and without hesitation.
The Take-Off - Must be from both feet from the spring board, but may take off from one foot on the platform. It should be bold, reasonably high and confident, and may be performed either standing or running. The judges award points for a standing dive, bearing in mind the height and standard of execution which might be expected from a running dive. Only one bounce on the same spot is allowed. It is permissible for a diver to start the board in motion in preparing for a back take-off.
The Flight - The diver's legs should be together and toes pointed.
The body positions:
Layout or straight - body not bent
Pike - trunk bent at hips, legs straight
Tuck - body hunched up, knees together, hands on lower legs
Free - body position is optional
If a position is clearly other than announced the referee will declare that the highest mark shall be two points. If a position is partially other than announced, the maximum mark is 4.5.
If the diver touches the end of the board or dives to the side of the direct line of flight, this indicates - no matter how well the dive may have been executed - that he was too close to the board for proper execution and the judges make their own decisions regarding the deduction of points. It is proposed that, in this case, the highest mark be 4.5.
Twist - Must not be done manifestly from the board in straight dives with one-half or full twist. In pike dives with twists, the twist must not be started until there is a definite pike position shown. Twists may be done at any time in somersaults with twists. If a twist is more or less than announced by 90 degrees, the diver receives zero for that dive, as declared by the referee.
Flying Dives - In all flying somersault dives a straight position should be clearly shown for approximately one-half of the somersault.
A dive is finished when the whole body is completely under the surface of the water. What
happens under the water is not judged.
All dives must be executed by the divers without help from anyone after the referee has signalled
the start of the dive.
After the competition has begun, a diver may not bounce on the springboard until after the score
of the previous diver has been announced.
A diver who refuses the execution of a dive shall receive zero points for that dive.
A diving competition is conducted by a referee, a panel of 5 or 7
judges, an announcer and scorers. The referee manages the event
and ensures all regulations are observed. After each dive, the
referee signals the judges who, without communicating with any of
their colleagues, immediately show their score cards. Points are
awarded from zero to ten, according to the opinion of the judge
based on the criteria and performance :
The judges scores are written in the same order on each diver's dive
sheet. The highest and lowest scores are eliminated and the remaining
scores are added and multiplied by the degree of difficulty. The scores
for each dive are added to provide the total score for the event.
The inspiration for Caroline and Rachel but which one is she?